Simplified Employee Pensions (SEPs) and SIMPLE Plans

SEP vs. Keogh

How do you decide if you should establish a SEP or a Keogh? You must compare both types of plans and determine which retirement plan best fits your needs. Here is a chart summarizing the key features of SEPs and Keoghs:

Key Features of SEPs and Keoghs

Features / Provisions



Plan document

One-page form can be used: IRS Form 5305-SEP

Full plan document

Maximum contribution

Maximum employer deduction

Lesser of $57,000 in 2020 ($56,000in 2019) or 100% of compensation per employee.

25% of total eligible compensation of employees covered by the plan.

Loan provisions

Cannot borrow against SEP account

Able to borrow against Keogh account


Less restrictive rules for employee eligibility

More restrictive rules for employee eligibility

When to establish

Have until due date of tax return to establish

Must be established by December 31

Annual reporting requirements


Annual reporting requirement on Form 5500

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